Diabetes is an illness caused by inadequate or lack of production of insulin (a hormone) by the pancreas (a gland in the abdomen). Insulin is responsible for absorbing glucose (a simple sugar) into the bloodstream, where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy.
When most people eat, the pancreas automatically produces the correct amount of insulin to absorb the glucose. In people with diabetes the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body’s cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine and passes out of the body, with the result that the body loses its main source of fuel.
If untreated, diabetes can cause blindness, heart disease, strokes, kidney failure, nerve damage and birth defects in babies born to women with diabetes. There are two major forms of diabetes — type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Both types of diabetes tend to run in families, although only 10% of type 1 patients will have a family history of diabetes; in type 2 diabetes, this figure rises to 30%.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole family, especially when a child is
Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes can be similar in type 1 diabetes, typically diagnosed in children and teens, and type 2 diabetes, which most often occurs in adults. Symptoms of any type of diabetes are related to high blood and urine glucose levels and include,
• vomiting, and
• blurred vision.
• weight loss or gain,
• dry mouth,
• slow-healing wounds, cuts, or sores,
• itching skin, and
• increased susceptibility to infections…Read More